E. M. Forster (right) and his Indian Muslim lover, Syed Ross Masood (left)
Standing, far left, Hasan al-Banna, founder of the Muslim Brotherhood;
third left, Liaquat Ali Khan, Pakistan’s first Prime Minister;
seated, second left, their host Amin al-Husseini, the infamous Grand Mufti of Jerusalem;
third left, guest of honour Quaid-e-Azam Jinnah, founder of Pakistan.
As the curious nature of this photograph is a little less self-explanatory, a few words: here Pakistan’s two greatest leaders, Jinnah and Khan, represent a whisky-swilling, English-speaking, Oxbridge-educated Indo-Muslim elite, in an incongruous embrace with the 20th century’s two most influential Islamists, al-Banna and al-Husseini. This is a photo that perhaps epitomises the paradox of Pakistan and the schizophrenia that mired her from the start.